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Artificial intelligence, or AI, is one of the most exciting and rapidly growing fields in technology today. With the potential to revolutionize industries and change how we live our lives, it’s no wonder that many people are interested in breaking into this field. However, with its complex algorithms and technical jargon, AI can seem daunting to those unfamiliar with it. That’s where this guide comes in. In this blog article, I will cover everything you need to know about how to get into AI, from the basics of machine learning to the latest trends and developments. Whether you’re a student, a recent graduate, or a working professional looking to switch careers, this guide will provide you with the knowledge and resources you need to succeed in the exciting world of AI. So let’s dive in and explore the world of AI and this career path together!

Who am I, and why should you trust my Career Information?

My name is Brian Vander Waal, and I am a Career Coach, Careers writer, and careers expert. I have invested more than 17 years in providing thousands of clients with career information, advice, and guidance. This article was written based on my career expertise, experience and extensive research.

How to Get into AI: Skills for Success

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Breaking into the AI field requires a blend of technical skills, domain expertise, and creativity. Some of the key skills required to succeed in AI include: 

  • Programming
  • Computer science development techniques 
  • Statistics
  • Strong analytical skills
  • Algorithm creation methodologies 
  • Problem-solving skills
  • Domain expertise. 

First, programming skills are essential for anyone working in AI, as most AI applications require some level of programming expertise. Some of AI’s most commonly used programming languages include Python, R, and Java.

Second, statistics skills are important for anyone working in AI, as AI relies heavily on statistical analysis and modelling. A strong understanding of statistics is essential for developing accurate and reliable AI models.

Third, domain expertise is important for anyone working in AI, as AI applications are often tailored to specific industries and domains. For example, a data scientist working in healthcare will need to have a strong understanding of medical terminology and practices.

With a combination of these skills, you’ll be on your way to a bright future in AI. Remember, practice, curiosity, and continuous learning will fuel your success in this exciting field!

How to Get Into AI: Career Paths

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There are many career paths in the AI Field.  I will provide some examples below, along with the skills needed for each. 

1. AI Engineer

An Artificial Intelligence engineer plays a pivotal role in the fascinating world of AI. They are responsible for crafting, programming, and training intricate networks of algorithms that mimic the functioning of the human brain. AI engineering demands a diverse skill set which includes software development, programming, data science, deep learning, computer vision and data engineering. 

In addition to these technical skills, an AI engineer requires soft skills including strong analytical skills, innovative problem-solving skills and a creative mindset to conquer complex challenges and meet organizational demands. 

While AI engineers share some similarities with data engineers, their primary focus lies in: 

  • Leveraging data from various sources 
  • Constructing and refining a machine learning model / models 
  • Deploying an AI application / applications using APIs or embedded code. 

2. AI Developer

An AI developer is responsible for incorporating AI functionality into software applications. This role focuses on integrating and implementing AI algorithms and logic into IT projects. To excel as an AI developer, key skills include cloud experience, programming expertise and knowledge of coding languages like Java, Python, and R. 

In addition to these technical skills, employers often seek soft skills in AI developers, including problem-solving, critical and logical thinking, leadership abilities, strong decision-making skills, effective communication, collaboration, and emotional intelligence. These qualities are valued across industries and contribute to professional success in any position.

3. AI Researcher

For an AI Researcher, it’s crucial to grasp various computer science development techniques, including coding languages like Python or C++. These fundamentals lay the groundwork for creating an innovative AI algorithm and solving complex problems with precision. Additionally, familiarity with basic brain science provides valuable context, as it sheds light on the cognitive processes that underpin both human and machine intelligence.

4. Data Scientist

On the other hand, a Data Scientist must become proficient in a range of machine learning algorithms. Mastery of supervised learning models and unsupervised learning models / unsupervised clustering algorithms is essential for extracting valuable insights from vast datasets. With technical expertise and a solid understanding of statistics, data scientists can develop accurate AI models that drive meaningful results.

5. Product Manager

Product Managers play a vital role in creating successful Artificial Intelligence products that meet customer requirements and align with business objectives. Their extensive knowledge of market insights and technical expertise enables them to identify opportunities and design innovative solutions that leverage AI technologies effectively.

6. System Engineer

Systems Engineers possess in-depth knowledge of how machines learn from their environment. They work with computer vision systems and natural language processing programs to solve intricate problems using autonomous agents. Their expertise enables the development of cutting-edge AI applications that can perceive, understand, and interact intelligently with the world.

Mastering these core skills equips individuals with the foundation needed to pursue a successful career in AI. By staying updated on the latest advancements and understanding what employers seek in this competitive field, aspiring AI professionals can position themselves as valuable assets to organizations at the forefront of technological innovation.

How to Get Into AI: Education and Training Requirements

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AI is an exciting and highly sought-after profession today. To become an AI engineer, start with a strong educational foundation. A solid foundation in mathematics, computer science, and engineering is vital for success in learning AI and within the field. Familiarity with machine learning algorithms and programming languages like Python gives you a competitive edge. Explore introductory Python courses and study existing AI tools. Expand your skills with online courses covering machine learning, data science, and more. These courses provide the knowledge and skills necessary for success in higher education and employment.

High School

Build your AI career by laying the groundwork in high school with subjects like mathematics, physics, and computer science, which will help you when you are learning AI. 


A degree or masters in Computer Science, Data Science or a related field is often the most direct path to a career in AI, as these degrees provide a strong foundation in programming, statistics, and other key skills. Many universities now offer specialized degrees in AI and Machine Learning, which can provide even more focused training.  


If you are looking for more intensive experience, consider an apprenticeship to tackle real-world AI projects using cutting-edge technology. Apply what you have learned through practical projects available on public cloud platforms for machine learning.


Certifications in data science and AI technologies, such as machine learning or natural language processing, can also be useful for demonstrating expertise in a particular area of AI. Many certification programs are available online and can be completed in a matter of weeks or months.

Bootcamps and Other Training Programs

Bootcamps and other training programs can also be a valuable way to gain hands-on experience with AI technologies and learn from industry experts. Many Bootcamps focus specifically on AI and machine learning, providing a comprehensive and immersive learning experience.

How to Get Into AI: Upskilling Yourself in AI

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In today’s job market, staying ahead means upskilling in AI. In the fast-paced world of AI, investing in continuous education is essential to stay competitive. Take courses to become a desirable candidate for higher positions. Continuous learning can even lead to management roles within organizations. It’s essential to grasp the latest advancements, current trends and technologies, to ensure success in this career path.  

I recommend that you enrol in an online course through platforms like Coursera, Edx, Udemy, Udacity and Pluralsight for detailed courses and real-world projects. Consider courses in Python, data science, deep learning, natural language processing (NLP), computer vision, robotics engineering and machine learning techniques, such as neural networks and clustering algorithms. Understanding these topics is invaluable for job applications and these courses will equip you with the necessary skills and practical experience. 

Don’t forget to stay updated. Attend AI seminars, conferences, and join online forums to understand employer expectations and network with peers. The demand for AI skills extends beyond tech companies, so be prepared to apply your knowledge in various industries.

Upskilling in AI gives you a competitive advantage. Explore the right tools and make well-informed choices for your professional journey. Embrace the exciting world of AI and position yourself for success!

AI Job Market Outlook  

The AI job market is currently one of the hottest and fastest-growing in the world, with demand for AI talent far outstripping supply. Artificial Intelligence is on the rise and showing no signs of slowing down, presenting a wealth of chances for those with appropriate abilities.  According to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics, there is a projected growth of 21% in the AI job market between 2021 and 2031, which is significantly faster than the average for all other occupations (5%).

AI Career Salary Expectations

AI has transformed the way we do business, making it a key component of numerous job roles. AI professionals can expect to earn competitive salaries and enjoy a high degree of job security. AI engineers are in high demand, with salaries ranging from $114,000 to $765,000 depending on location and experience. In the UK, graduates receive a starting salary of around £35,000, but this can increase to £170,000 if you work for a company like Google or Facebook (Prospects). 

The median pay for Artificial Intelligence Engineers is $131,490 per year (US Bureau of Labor Statistics). In the UK, the average salary for AI Engineers is £56,614 per year (Glassdoor). 

Some of the most in-demand AI jobs include data scientist, machine learning engineer, and AI researcher. Salaries for these roles can range from $80,000 to $250,000 or more, depending on experience and location.

How to Get Into AI: Understanding Applied AI & Applied AI Projects

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Applied AI involves using existing tools and technologies to solve problems, rather than starting from scratch. As a Machine Learning Engineer, you need advanced knowledge of computer science, programming languages like R, TensorFlow frameworks, machine learning algorithms, and data structures to create innovative solutions. Strong problem-solving skills, creativity, and an understanding of how machines learn are crucial for success in applied AI. Experience with databases, software engineering, and data analytics is also valuable.

To pursue a career in applied AI, you can take online courses, pursue a master’s degree in Computer Science or Information Technology with a focus on Machine Learning or Deep Learning, or obtain certifications in specific disciplines like NLP or Computer Vision. Understanding existing tools and researching public cloud providers and resources is essential for the effective application of AI solutions.

In applied AI projects, existing tools and programming skills, particularly in R, are utilized. Leading cloud providers like AWS, Azure, and GCP offer specialized services and powerful computing capabilities for training deep learning models. Open-source tools like TensorFlow, PyTorch, and Scikit-learn are widely used in deep learning and machine learning applications. You can find out more information about AI tools below.

Embarking on applied AI projects helps gain practical experience and develop the necessary skills. To truly understand AI, exploring brain science and decision-making processes is crucial.

How to Get Into AI: Brain Science & Decision-Making Process

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Understanding the inner workings of the brain is key for those venturing into the world of Artificial Intelligence.  Our brains are excellent at decision-making, and AI aims to replicate that brilliance. To create smart AI solutions that truly mimic human thinking, it’s crucial to delve into brain science.

By unravelling the mysteries of the brain, we can develop an AI algorithm that considers real-world factors such as traffic patterns and the environment. The goal is to craft AI systems that make decisions just like we do. Understanding human thought processes is the key to success in this field.

To gain this invaluable knowledge, you can explore Brain Science courses on platforms like Coursera or Udemy. These courses unlock complicated problems and provide access to the latest research in cognitive development and machine learning algorithms. Armed with this knowledge, you’ll be ready to build robust applications backed by machine learning and succeed in the AI domain.

As AI continues to impact various industries, understanding brain science becomes even more crucial. It enhances your understanding of AI and sets the foundation for a successful career. A basic Brain Science course adds context to the world of AI by exploring how our brains process information, which is essential for designing algorithms for machines.

To thrive in the competitive AI landscape, keeping up with the latest trends is essential. A brain science course acts as a secret weapon, providing foundational knowledge about how our brains process information and enabling the exploration of new developments in computer vision and natural language processing. Completing a brain science course gives you an edge when applying for AI jobs or internships, enhancing your understanding and unlocking your full potential in this exciting field that is constantly evolving. Dive into brain science and stay ahead in the exciting world of Artificial Intelligence.

How to Get Into AI: AI Tools and Resources

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AI is a fascinating field that keeps growing, and if you want to dive into it, having reliable tools and resources is a must. But with so many options out there, it can be tricky to figure out where to start and what is the best AI tool. Luckily, there are some great choices that’ll set you on the right path.

1. Cloud Service Providers

When exploring the best AI tool or tools, remember it is not just about programming languages. Begin your AI adventure by exploring public cloud providers like Google Cloud, Amazon Web Services (AWS) and Microsoft Azure. These platforms offer a wide range of services for researchers. They have all sorts of documentation and tutorials that cover everything from basic machine learning to advanced topics like deep learning. And the best part? You can try out code using Jupyter Notebooks without having to set up any complicated software on your own computer. 

Cloud services also provide a way for developers to build, deploy, and scale AI applications in the cloud. These services often include pre-built AI models and algorithms and tools for data storage, processing, and analysis. They let you leverage the latest advancements in AI, such as machine learning and deep learning, to test out your ideas and gain a comprehensive understanding before embarking on your own projects.

2. Research Papers and Reports

Tech giants like Google and Facebook often share research papers about their work on AI. Reading through these reports can give you a glimpse into how these companies tackle problems using machine learning and other strategies. You’ll get a feel for what it takes to build successful AI products and stay up to date with the latest industry trends.

3. Open-source Libraries

To sharpen your skills even further, check out web-based tools that can help you refine your expertise. Open-source libraries, such as TensorFlow and PyTorch, provide a wealth of pre-built algorithms and models that can be customized and used in a wide range of applications. These libraries are often free and open to the public, making them a valuable resource for researchers and developers. 

Techniques like TensorFlow and PyTorch are great for data science, natural language processing (NLP), and reinforcement learning (RL). These resources are accessible to anyone, allowing you to become an AI expert in no time.

4. Application Programming Interfaces (APIs)

APIs, or application programming interfaces, allow developers to access pre-built AI services and functionality. APIs are often provided by AI vendors and can be used to add AI capabilities to existing applications or build new applications from scratch.

Ethics and Challenges in AI

As AI becomes more advanced and widespread, it is crucial to consider this technology’s ethical implications and challenges. Some key ethical concerns in AI include bias, privacy, and regulation.


Bias is a major concern in AI, as algorithms can inadvertently perpetuate and amplify existing biases and inequalities. For example, facial recognition algorithms have been shown to be less accurate when identifying people of color, which could have serious implications for the use of applications.


Privacy is also a concern in AI, as many AI applications rely on large amounts of personal data. It is important to ensure that this data is collected and used responsibly and that individuals have control over how their data is used.


Regulation is another critical issue in AI, as the technology is still largely unregulated in many parts of the world. It is important to develop frameworks and regulations to ensure the safe and responsible development and use of AI.

Future of AI and its Impact on Society

AI’s future is exciting and uncertain, with the potential for transformative change and significant challenges. Some of the key trends and developments in AI include the rise of deep learning and neural networks, the growth of AI-powered automation, and the increasing focus on ethical considerations and responsible development.

AI can potentially transform every aspect of our lives, from healthcare to transportation to entertainment. However, it is important to ensure that these changes are made responsibly and with consideration for the potential risks and challenges.


Now is the perfect time to dive into the exciting world of AI!  Whether you’re a student, a recent graduate, or a working professional looking to switch careers, there are many paths to success in AI. From developing technical skills to gaining domain expertise, there are many ways to break into the field and make a meaningful impact. 

Equip yourself with the right skills and knowledge, stay updated on the latest trends, explore job opportunities, connect with industry experts, and invest in your education. You can build a thriving career in Artificial Intelligence with the right qualifications and certifications. Acquiring the necessary skills, understanding current AI trends, and staying informed about the latest advancements will make you a strong contender for any AI job.

Entering the world of AI may seem challenging, but it is absolutely attainable with the right expertise and capabilities. Numerous resources are available to help you research AI, courses that provide insights into brain science and AI, and many career opportunities waiting for you. To maximize your chances of success, dedicate time and effort to develop the necessary skills.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) – How to Get Into AI

What is the History of AI?

Artificial intelligence has a long and fascinating history, dating back to the 1950s. Early AI projects aimed to create machines capable of human-like thinking and reasoning, but progress was slow. It wasn’t until the 1980s and 1990s, with advancements in computer hardware and software, that AI experienced a resurgence. Researchers began focusing on specialized forms of AI like machine learning and natural language processing in their AI research, solving specific problems and tasks.

Today, AI is more advanced than ever before. Breakthroughs in deep learning and neural network have propelled rapid progress in AI development. From virtual assistants like Siri and Alexa to self-driving cars and facial recognition technology, AI is reshaping our relationship with technology and each other.

What are the Main Types of Artificial Intelligence?

There are seven main types of artificial intelligence, some existing now and others we believe could exist in the future.

1.  Artificial Narrow Intelligence (ANI):

Artificial Narrow Intelligence (ANI) are specialized AI tools for specific tasks. They excel in one area but can’t learn beyond their programmed capabilities. Examples include virtual assistants like Siri and image recognition software.

2.  Artificial General Intelligence (AGI):

Artificial General Intelligence (AGI) aims to create AI that can learn, think, and perform tasks like humans. It strives to be versatile and assist humans in various aspects of life using technologies such as supercomputers and generative AI models.

3.  Artificial Superintelligence (ASI)

Artificial Superintelligence (ASI) is still in the realm of science fiction and represents AI surpassing human intelligence. It could outpace human abilities, but it’s currently speculative.

4.  Reactive Machines

Reactive Machines are fundamental AI systems that react to immediate requests but lack memory or the ability to learn from past experiences. Examples include spam filters and recommendation algorithms.

5.  Limited Memory AI

Limited Memory AI can store knowledge and improve over time. It learns from past experiences and represents the majority of AI applications today, from chatbots to self-driving cars.

6.  Theory of Mind

Theory of mind refers to AI’s ability to perceive emotions and understand subtle environmental changes. While it is yet to be fully realized, it has the potential to revolutionize AI by allowing machines to interpret human emotions and predict actions.

7. Self-Aware AI

At the point of singularity, AI machines would possess self-awareness and the ability to sense others’ emotions. This stage remains hypothetical, with ongoing research and debate regarding its ethical implications.

What are the Key Technologies of AI?

Machine learning, natural language processing, computer vision, generative AI  and adaptive AI are key AI technologies driving AI advancements.

1. Machine Learning

Machine learning enables machines to learn from data without explicit programming. Machine learning algorithms analyze large datasets, identify patterns, and make predictions. Machine learning is used in diverse applications, from fraud detection to self-driving cars.

2. Natural Language Processing

Natural language processing helps machines understand and interpret human language. Analyzing text and speech identifies meaning, sentiment, and intent. Virtual assistants and chatbots rely on natural language processing.

3. Computer Vision

Computer vision enables machines to interpret visual data, identifying objects and people in images and videos. Computer vision is used in various applications, from security systems to self-driving cars.

4. Generative AI

Generative AI, also known as deep learning or neural networks, has become a prominent buzzword in the tech industry. It utilizes large datasets and complex algorithms to generate original content and has diverse applications like image recognition, speech processing, and art creation.

One of the significant impacts of Generative AI is its automation of complex tasks that were previously deemed beyond machines’ capabilities. Industries such as finance, healthcare, and legal can leverage Generative AI to analyze extensive data and make predictions, saving time and resources, and reducing human error.

A prime example of Generative AI is ChatGPT, a language model developed by OpenAI. ChatGPT engages in human-like conversations, providing responses to various questions. Other Examples of Generative AI include Google Bard, Bing AI, DALL-E, Midjourney, and DeepMind.

5. Adaptive AI

Generative AI is not the final frontier. The next evolution is Adaptive AI, which combines advanced machine learning with real-time learning and responsiveness. Adaptive AI models constantly adapt and learn based on new data and feedback, making them highly versatile in dynamic work environments.

Adaptive AI’s ability to adapt to changing circumstances is advantageous in enhancing customer experiences and improving employee productivity. Tools like SubStrata exemplify adaptive AI capabilities by analyzing cues and emotions, facilitating faster decision-making.

With its responsiveness and flexibility, adaptive AI is poised to transform the digital workforce, empowering companies to excel in the ever-changing marketplace.

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